Timea Tihanyi: Rule-Making And Rule-Breaking Is My Focus

Timea Tihanyi [Source: Women in 3D Printing]

Timea Tihanyi is a Hungarian born cross-disciplinary artist and ceramist living and working in Seattle, United States.

Timea earned an MD (Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary, 1993) in neurology/neuropsychology, a BFA (Massachusetts College of Art, Boston, 1998) and an MFA (University of Washington, Seattle, 2003) in ceramics, where she currently teaches as a senior lecturer in the Interdisciplinary Visual Arts program.

Tihanyi’s installations with slipcast porcelain and participatory works has been exhibited in Brazil, Australia, Denmark, the Netherlands, and in the USA, including Shepparton Art Museum, Henry Art Gallery, Bellevue Art Museum, Mint Museum of Art and Design, Society for Contemporary Craft in Pittsburg, Clay Center for the Arts and Sciences, Foundry Art Center, and International Museum of Surgical Science.

She has participated in artist residencies at Kohler Arts/Industry, Sundaymorning@EKWC (formerly, European Ceramic Workcenter), European Ceramic Context 2010 and Museum of Glass, Tacoma. She is a recipient of the Bergstrom Award in Art and Science and the winner of the 2018 Neddy Award in Open Media.

Timea is the founder and director of Slip Rabbit, an experimental research and education studio focused on the advancement of ceramic 3D printing and digital ceramics.

Nora Toure: Timea, you were one of the first people on the West Coast, USA to order, build, learn, and work with your ceramics 3D printers – what excites you about this process?

Timea Tihanyi: What excites me is the potential to combine a real physical/corporal and emotional material (clay) with abstract and immaterial logic that is a code or an algorithm. As an artist, the content of my work has always revolved around the relationship between the mind and the body as well as around questions about the origins of knowledge (whether it is through the mind or through the body).

I find a beautiful metaphor for this dualistic relationship in digital ceramics. I work with mathematicians on self-organizing patterns that show critical behavior (dynamic systems), which look insanely complex yet clearly having some rule-based logic.

These systems come into play when explaining and predicting the behavior of sandpiles, earthquakes, forest fires, electric breakdowns, the formation of water droplets and other growing surfaces, and human brains.

Rule-making and rule-breaking, by accident or by intention, is my focus in the emerging area of ceramic 3D printing. Following the prescribed path of the digital design or an algorithm-generated code, the ceramic 3D printer extrudes a thin coil of soft porcelain and creates each object layer by layer, line by line.

The form it makes is dependent on the “materialness” of clay and would not exist and cannot stand without the skilled human hand. In between design and serendipity lies the resulting object, consistent yet unique.

Clay, with its own unique materiality challenges all logical and predictable outcomes of the gcode. My work reinterprets technical, formal and conceptual aspects of the ceramic vessel tradition and reasserts them in the realm of the cognitive experience of the human body.

Read the rest at Women in 3D Printing

Effect of COL5A1, GDF5, and PPARA Genes on a Movement Screen and Neuromuscular Performance in Adolescent Team Sport Athletes

Stastny, P, Lehnert, M, De Ste Croix, M, Petr, M, Svoboda, Z, Maixnerova, E, Varekova, R, Botek, M, Petrek, M, Lenka, K, and Cięszczyk, P. Effect of COL5A1, GDF5, and PPARA genes on a movement screen and neuromuscular performance in adolescent team sport athletes. J Strength Cond Res 12XX(2X): 000–000, 2019—The risk of injury increases with adolescents’ chronological age and may be related to limited muscle function neuromuscular, genetic, and biomechanical factors. The purpose of this study was to determine whether COL5A1, PPARA, and GDF5 genes are associated with muscle functions and stretch-shortening cycle performance in adolescent athletes. One hundred forty-six youth players (14.4 ± 0.2 years) from various team sports (basketball n = 54, soccer n = 50, handball n = 32) underwent a manual test for muscle function, maturity estimation, functional bend test (FBT), passive straight leg raise (SLR) test, leg stiffness test, test of reactive strength index (RSI), and gene sampling for COL5A1, PPARA, and GDF5. The χ2 test did not show any differences in allele or genotype frequency between participants before and after peak height velocity. Multivariate analysis of variance showed that COL5A1 rs12722 CT heterozygotes had worse score in FBT (p < 0.001), worse score in SLR (p = 0.003), and lower maturity offset (p = 0.029, only in females) than TT homozygotes. Male GDF5 rs143383 GG homozygotes showed better score in SLR than AA and AG genotypes (p = 0.003), and AA and AG genotypes in both sex had greater RSI than GG homozygotes (p = 0.016). The PPARA rs4253778 CC homozygotes had greater RSI than GG and GC genotypes (p = 0.004). The CT genotype in COL5A1 rs12722 is possible predictor of functional movement disruption in the posterior hip muscle chain, causing shortening in FBT and SLR, which includes hamstrings function. CT genotype in COL5A1 rs12722 should be involved in programs targeting hamstring and posterior hip muscle chain.
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially without permission from the journal.
Address correspondence to Dr. Stastny Petr, stastny@ftvs.cuni.cz.
Copyright © 2019 by the National Strength & Conditioning Association.

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Specific activation of HIV-1 by a bromodomain inhibitor from monocytic cells in humanized mice under ART in vivo [Virus-Cell Interactions]

The combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) effectively suppresses HIV-1 replication and enables HIV-infected individuals to live long productive lives. However, the persistence of HIV-1 reservoirs of both T and myeloid cells with latent or low-replicating HIV-1 in patients under cART makes HIV-1 infection an incurable disease. Recent studies have focused on the development of strategies to activate and purge these reservoirs. Bromodomain and extraterminal domain proteins (BETs) are epigenetic readers involved in modulating gene expression. Several bromodomain inhibitors (BETi) are reported to activate viral transcription in vitro in HIV-1 latency cell lines in a P-TEFb (CDK9/cyclin T1)-dependent manner. Little is known about the BETi efficacy in activating HIV-1 reservoir cells under cART in vivo. In this study, we report that a BETi (I-BET151) efficiently activated HIV-1 reservoirs under effective cART in humanized mice in vivo. Interestingly, I-BET151 during suppressive cART in vivo activated HIV-1 gene expression only in monocytic cells, but not in CD4+ T cells. We further demonstrate that BETi preferentially enhanced HIV-1 gene expression in monocytic cells than in T cells and, whereas CDK9 was involved in activating HIV-1 by I-BET151 in both monocytic and T cells, CDK2 enhanced HIV-1 transcription in monocytic cells but inhibited it in T cells. Our findings reveal a role of CDK2 in differential modulation of HIV-1 gene expression in myeloid cells and in T cells, and provides a novel strategy to reactivate monocytic reservoirs with BETi during cART.

IMPORTANCE Bromodomain inhibitors have been reported to activate HIV-1 transcription in vitro but their effect on activation of HIV-1 reservoirs during cART in vivo is unclear. We found that BETi (I-BET151) treatment reactivated HIV-1 gene expression in humanized mice during suppressive cART. Interestingly, I-BET151 preferentially reactivated HIV-1 gene expression in monocytic cells, but not in CD4 T cells in cART-treated mice. Furthermore, I-BET151 significantly increased HIV-1 transcription in monocytic cells, but not in HIV-1 infected CD4 T cells, via CDK2-dependent mechanisms. Our findings suggest that BETi can preferentially activate monocytic HIV-1 reservoir cells, and a combination of reservoir activation agents targeting different cell types and pathways is needed to achieve reactivation of different HIV-1 reservoir cells during cART.

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Characterization of Novel Reoviruses [Wad Medani virus (Orbivirus) and Kundal (Coltivirus)] collected from Hyalomma antolicum ticks in India during CCHF surveillance [Genetic Diversity and Evolution]

In 2011, ticks were collected from livestock following an outbreak of Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) in Gujarat state, India. CCHF-negative Hyalomma anatolicum tick pools were passaged for virus isolation, and two virus isolates were obtained, designated Karyana virus (KARYV) and Kundal virus (KUNDV) respectively. Traditional RT-PCR identification of known viruses was unsuccessful, but a next-generation sequencing approach identified KARYV and KUNDV as viruses in the Reoviridae family, Orbivirus, and Coltivirus genera, respectively. Viral genomes were de novo assembled, yielding 10 complete segments of KARYV and 12 nearly complete segments of KUNDV. The VP1 gene of KARYV shared a most recent common ancestor with Wad Medani virus (WMV), strain Ar495, and based on nucleotide identity we demonstrate that it is a novel WMV strain. The VP1 segment of KUNDV shares a common ancestor with Colorado tick fever virus, Eyach virus, Tai Forest reovirus and Tarumizu tick virus from the Coltivirus genus. Based on VP1, VP6, VP7, and VP12 nucleotide and amino acid identity, KUNDV is proposed to be a new species of Coltivirus. Electron microscopy supported the classification of KARYV and KUNDV as reoviruses and identified replication morphology consistent with other Orbi– and Colti– viruses. The identification of novel tick-borne viruses carried by the CCHF vector is an important step in the characterization of their potential role in human and animal pathogenesis.

Importance Ticks, mosquitoes, as well Culicoides, can transmit viruses in the Reoviridae family. With the help of next-generation sequencing (NGS), previously unreported reoviruses such as equine encephalosis virus, Wad Medani virus (WMV), Kammanvanpettai virus (KVPTV) and with this report, KARYV and KUNDV have been discovered and characterized in India. The isolation of KUNDV and KARYV from Hyalomma anatolicum, which is a known vector for zoonotic pathogens, such as Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever virus, Babesia, Theileria and Anaplasma species, identifies arboviruses with the potential to transmit to humans. Characterization of these KUNDV and KARYV isolated from Hyalomma ticks is critical for the development of specific serological and molecular assays that can be used to determine the association of these viruses with disease in humans and livestock.

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Automated Quoting, eCommerce, and Custom Orthotics

However, that’s not what clients want. At the era of Amazon, people desire things when they want them, and then that usually means currently . ECommerce is currently changing the way business is done, supplementing traditional brick-and-mortar and social business, just as additive is reshaping the way.
Founded to make custom instruments, iOrthotics spent into the MJF 3D printers of HP in 2017. MJF has been demonstrated to grow the reach of their installment — and to be a fantastic match for orthotics, iOrthotics turned into its dollar 3D printing investment into a organization that was new.
“DigiFabster’s solution has profited i3DPS in a number of different methods,” said Hartley. “Among the would be that the low time it can take to get orders out. Our work flow improved with this comes a decrease in cost and significantly. We’re probably saving anywhere from 30 to 60 minutes each order by reducing lots of the administrative tasks that go along with each order, both at the front and rear end of this process.”
Service bureaus are doing a business in 3D printing as use is seen by the tech in orders of various sizes. Small businesses looking for replacement parts , or one time, custom may get industrial equipment that is expensive without investing the money time, or training necessary.
This appearance right into where automation will help that its own fit has been seen by a Australian small business operation in curbing its work flow for custom orthotics.

“i3DPS was made therefore other kinds of organizations can gain access to our capabilities. They use our site from prototypes and replacement parts, to production parts where they need even or 100 1,000 pieces. We now have an entire array of industries arriving at us, getting quotes and placing orders for 3D printed parts,” explained Dean Hartley, Founder and General Manager, iOrthotics.

3D printing fits into a manufacturing setting, and also afield the work flow for many is a goal for many companies these days. Automation is responsible for streamlining front- and – backend surgeries, and choosing the right software is important for creating the brand new solutions that are ideal.
The agencies themselves create programs for clients get and to explore their personal information, requiring significant experience to end. Because of its applications needs, i3DPS looked to get an online quoting solution for easy ordering to DigiFabster. Quoting could prove an bottleneck from the ordering process, because these may expect a person.

Implementing solutions from DigiFabster allowed i3DPS to offer quoting, as well as track and manage orders.

Via DigiFabster

The spinoff, i3DPS, features a digital manufacturing chain with online ordering and quoting.

I3DPS eases the quoting for customers and use of the CRM system of DigiFabster keeps those customers upgraded on status. Payment and shipping are also automated in their installation.

IOrthotics has established a new branch for practice orthotics, filled with a digital workflow.

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Total Sleep Deprivation and Recovery Sleep Affect the Diurnal Variation of Agility Performance: The Gender Differences

Address correspondence into Mohamed Romdhani, romdhaniroma@gmail.com.
Copyright © 2019.
J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000–000, 2018–This study aimed to research the results of Timeofday, 24 and 36 hours of sleep deprivation (TSD), and healing sleep (RS) on repeated-agility performances. Twenty two physical education students (11 male and 11 female students) completed 5 repeated modified agility t test (RMAT) sessions (i.e., two later normal sleep nighttime [NSN] [in 07:00 and 17:00 hours], 2 later TSD [in 07:00 hrs, i.e., 24-hour TSD and in 17:00 hours, i.e., 36-hour TSD], and 1 after R S at 17:00 hours). The RMAT index dropped from the afternoon into the afternoon after NSN (p < 0.05, d = 1.05; p < 0.01, d = 0.73) and after TSD (p < 0.001, d = 0.92; d = 1.08), respectively, to get total time (TT) and summit time (PT). This finding implies a variation. However, the abrupt increase in PT was less marked in the female group after NSN (2.98 vs. 6.24%). More over, TT and PT increased, respectively, after 24hour TSD (p < 0.001; d = 0.84, Id = 0.87) and also 36-hour TSD (p < 0.001, d = 1.12; p < 0.01, d = 0.65). Female participants' PT was less affected by 24-hour TSD (1.76 vs. 6.81%) compared with male participants' PT. After 36-hour TSD, the amount of decrease was not different between classes, which increased the diurnal amplitude of PT just for participants. Overall sleep deprivation raised that the amplitude of fever in women and suppressed PT's growth. Nevertheless, RS normalized the sleep-loss. Conclusively, repeated-agility performance of men and women affect during your afternoon. Sleep extension postdeprivation could have potent restorative influence on performances that are repeated-agility, and greater benefits could be extracted by female participants.

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3D Printing versus Smartphone Security

darkshark using the 3D printed fingerprint to open a Galaxy S10 [Image via Imgur]

Yes, 3D printed fingerprints can fool smartphone scanners. No, that shouldn’t keep you up at night.

Hackers love a good hack, and often that falls into “because I could” territory. So it was for Imgur user “darkshark” whose latest attempt has been making the rounds of internet tech news this week. Darkshark poses a simple claim:

“I attempted to fool the new Samsung Galaxy S10’s ultrasonic fingerprint scanner by using 3d printing. I succeeded.”

The Galaxy S10 is the latest smartphone from Samsung, equipped with a high-tech ultrasonic fingerprint scanner — said to be much more secure than typical optical scanners. With this newfangled scanner, fingerprints are examined in 3D as the phone looks into not just patterns but ridges to ensure that the right finger is trying to access the phone.

But is it infallible? Does it have to be the right finger? Such questions keep the curious up at night, and no one can say darkshark isn’t the curious sort.

So off went a bit of work with a wine glass, smartphone camera, software manipulation and modeling, and a 3D printer.

Darkshark captured a photo of their fingerprint on a wine glass, then increased the contrast in Photoshop to create an alpha mask. That in turn went into 3ds Max to create a full 3D model “of every last detail of the fingerprint.”

“I popped that model into the 3D printing software and began to print it. This was printed using an AnyCubic Photon LCD resin printer, which is accurate down to about 10 microns (in Z height, 45 microns in x/y), which is more than enough detail to capture all of the ridges in a fingerprint,” darkshark reports. “Printed perfectly. Print time was only around 13 minutes.”





[“I distorted my fingerprints in photoshop before posting this, so that you guys can’t steal it lol. I don’t trust any of you.” / Images via Imgur]

It took a bit of tweaking to get it right, but not much. Three reprints, including mirroring the fingerprint, ensured the ridge height hit right, and the resin print was usable as seen in the full Imgur post.

There have been fears for years about 3D printed hand replicas being used in identity theft, and new smartphone releases with the most advanced facial/fingerprint scanners continue to be targets for new attempts. Many of those attempts succeed, with 3D printed fingerprints and 3D printed masks unlocking phones. More of the attempts fail, of course; we don’t hear about those so much. There’s not much Imgur street cred for “I attempted to do this hack-y thing and failed and gave up.”

Still, that some of them succeed and are highly publicized lends credibility to fears about just how secure our phones are. Phones are our portal to everything these days: bank accounts, mortgages, contact lists, calendars, perhaps sensitive photos or documents.

Those who are proving the vulnerabilities are not unaware of the issues they raise; darkshark notes:

“This brings up a lot of ethics questions and concerns. There’s nothing stopping me from stealing your fingerprints without you ever knowing, then printing gloves with your fingerprints built into them and going and committing a crime.

If I steal someone’s phone, their fingerprints are already on it. I can do this entire process in less than 3 minutes and remotely start the 3d print so that it’s done by the time I get to it. Most banking apps only require fingerprint authentication so I could have all of your info and spend your money in less than 15 minutes if your phone is secured by fingerprint alone.”

So, yes, it can be done… but, really, will it?

Phones, especially expensive new models, are certainly targets for thieves. But how many pickpockets are going to actually first swoop in for a high-res snapshot of your fingerprints at the bar where they lift your phone and be ready with software, hardware, and the patience to try and retry the design to delete the calendar reminder for Billy’s piano recital before deleting all your information and turning the phone into profit?

A lot of things are technically possible, but that doesn’t mean they’re going to be regular occurrences. For most people, common sense is a good enough protective measure.

Via Imgur

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What is 3D Scanning?

A common trope in spy and heist movies is for the protagonist to scan the face of an opposing agent or any valuable item and create a perfect replica out of the scanned model. These movies probably take a few liberties for the sake of storytelling, but technology in the real world isn’t that far off from what these cinematic spies can do. Specifically, 3D scanning technology has been around for decades and is widely used across several different industries. How does this seemingly magical technology work? What can be achieved with 3D scanning and how much potential does it have?

What is 3D scanning?

3D scanning refers to any form of technology or technique that collects data from real-world objects or environments and uses this data to construct digital 3D models. Development of 3D scanning technology started as far back as the 1960s in the field of research and design. Early 3D scanners used a rudimentary setup of a combination of lights, cameras, and projectors to accurately recreate the surface of various objects and places.

After 1985, developments in 3D scanning technology allowed for the use of scanners that utilized white light and lasers to capture a given surface. Still, the time and effort needed to create an accurate model proved to be difficult hurdles for the acceptance of 3D scanning technology.

The advent of computers with vast data processing capabilities revolutionized the field of 3D scanning. Fast and accurate scanning of very detailed objects became possible, which led to the development of different 3D scanning techniques.

Nowadays, 3D scanning technology has become heavily used in the entertainment industry in the production of animation, movies, and video games. Consumer-level products that feature motion capture and gesture recognition capabilities have also benefited from the strides that 3D scanning technology has taken in the past decades. 3D scanning has become very useful in industrial design, rapid prototyping, and reverse engineering.

How does 3D scanning work?

Over the years, different techniques have been developed to generate the unique data needed to create 3D models. In a nutshell, all 3D models are essentially “data clouds” – conglomerations of data points arranged in three-dimensional space. Listed below are the different techniques used to create these data clouds:

1. Contact-based

One of the earliest methods of 3D scanning, contact-based 3D scanners rely on very precise measurements of the object made by an articulated arm equipped with high precision sensors. In this method, the object needs to be on a precision flat surface or held in place by a precisely measured fixture. Contact-based 3D scanners are fairly simple and inexpensive. However, they are also relatively slow compared to other scanners.

Another limitation of contact-based scanners comes from the very fact that the probe needs to come into direct contact with the object. This might not be advisable when scanning valuable objects such as historical artifacts. Contact-based scanners are also limited in terms of the size of objects that it can scan since it relies on a platform and articulated arm that has spatial limitations.

2. Photogrammetry

Photogrammetry is a very common method to create 3D models due to its simplicity and versatility. This is a passive method – meaning that it relies only on the energy emitted by the object being scanned. In this case, photogrammetry relies on the visible colors being reflected off the object. Simply put, photogrammetry relies on a series of overlapping photos to come up with a 3D model.

By combining images of an object captured at different angles and matching points between different images to identify features, a 3D model can be constructed without any sophisticated equipment. This level of accessibility is the biggest advantage of photogrammetry as any high-quality camera can be used, even the one on your smartphone. This technique instead relies on an intelligent software algorithm to find the edges of the object, identify matching features, and reconstruct the pixels in 3D space.

Another huge benefit of photogrammetry is that it can capture surface data on top of spatial data. This means that 3D models can be constructed that retain the color or patterns on the surface of the original object. Photogrammetry can also be used to scan huge objects – one of its most common applications is in creating 3D topographical maps of entire landscapes or cityscapes.

The limitation of photogrammetry comes from the fact that it relies on visible colors. Thus, it cannot be used reliably in dark areas or areas with a lot of canopy cover. Reflective surfaces or objects with features that do not have a high contrast can also be particularly problematic. Moreover, photogrammetry is known to be less consistent and accurate compared to other non-contact 3D scanning methods.

3. Laser triangulation

Laser triangulation is only one of several active 3D scanning methods that use laser emissions in various inventive ways. In laser triangulation, a laser is aimed at the subject while a camera records the location of the emitted laser. As the laser hits different features of the subject, the emitted point appears in different locations from the perspective of the camera.

By combining the geometrical data related to the position of the laser emitter and the subject and the angle of the camera with respect to the laser dot as it appears on the subject, the features and dimensions of the subject can be recreated in a digital model. The technique is called “triangulation” because the position of the laser emitter, the camera, and the laser dot on the subject forms a triangle which acts the basis of all spatial measurements. A laser stripe can also be used instead of a single laser point to speed up the process.

Laser triangulation is one of the most accurate 3D scanning methods, able to achieve an accuracy in the order of tens of micrometers. Since laser triangulation also uses a camera, the visual data can be combined with the data cloud to come out with full-color 3D models.

The technology behind laser triangulation is fairly simple, allowing the development of handheld 3D scanners. These desktop-scale DIY models also come fairly cheap – just about a few hundred bucks. Combined with the accuracy and rate of data acquisition of laser triangulation scanners, their level of accessibility has made them extremely popular.

The limitation of laser triangulation lies in the distance. Since the camera needs to see the position of a very small laser dot or a thin laser stripe, laser triangulation cannot be used to scan objects more than a few meters away. Since the method relies on a reflected laser dot, subjects with reflective or transparent surfaces can be particularly problematic.

4. Structured light

Structured light 3D scanners project an image with a pre-determined pattern on the subject. Depending on the features of the subject, the pattern will then be distorted in a number of different ways. A camera records the image of the projected pattern and uses the data on the distortions to calculate the dimensions of the individual features.

One strength of the structured light method is that it does not rely on any sophisticated equipment. The light pattern can be projected on the subject using a standard LCD projector, while images can be captured using any high-quality camera. The speed of data acquisition using structured light is almost unmatched since it can scan multiple points or an entire field of view at once. Resolution is also excellent – typically in the range of 1 micrometer.

As with any 3D scanning method that relies on optical properties, reflective or transparent surfaces can be challenging for structured light 3D scanners. In some cases, this limitation can be overcome by painting over these surfaces with a thin opaque lacquer.

More recent developments in the field of structured light 3D scanning have focused on coming up with algorithms by re-designing the illumination patterns that come up when scanning optically complex subjects. The results of these efforts have been promising for scanning difficulty objects such as reflective metals or translucent surfaces.

5. Time-of-flight

Time-of-flight 3D scanning is another active method that uses a laser emitter to fire off successive pulses of laser light. These pulses are reflected off the surface of the subject, upon which a separate lase sensor receives them. The time interval between the emission of the laser and the reception of the reflected beam is used to measure the dimension of individual features on the surface of the subject.

Time-of-flight 3D scanners have the distinct advantage of being usable over large distances. Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) sensors that are founded on the principle of time-of-flight 3D scanning have been extensively used to create 3D topographical maps using an aircraft-mounted sensor. Large structures, such as building and other geographical features, are also commonly scanned using time-of-flight methods. Since time-of-flight 3D scanners don’t rely on visible light, they can be used to scan objects and environments even in darkness.

Data acquisition rate is one of the areas where time-of-flight 3D scanners suffer. Since they only detect the distance of one point at a time, it can take millions of data points to come up with an accurate model of a moderately-sized subject. Some time-of-flight 3D scanners have solved this problem by extending the field of the view of the range finder.

While there are other 3D scanning methods beyond those included in this list, the ones listed above are the most common. Each method has a set of strengths and limitations in terms of data scope, quality, accuracy, acquisition speed, and applicability.

Applications of 3D scanning

As you can imagine, 3D scanning has a lot of potential to change the way things are done across different industries. The applications of 3D scanning in today’s world are incredibly diverse and showcase just how useful and versatile the technology is.

1. Industrial design

Designing new products and prototype has never been easier before the dawn of 3D scanning and modeling. Often, products need to be designed to work around existing objects or environments. By capturing accurate measurements of these objects, prototypes can be created that fit perfectly to their applications.

Reverse engineering a physical object has also become much easier with 3D scanning technology. A digital model of an object can be generated with extremely high accuracy, allowing for mass-scale reproduction. The 3D model can even be tweaked to implement easy improvements.

2. Entertainment

Motion capture and recreation of real-world objects in a digital space have become incredibly common in movies and video games. This is made possible by a variety of different 3D scanning techniques that can capture motion paths or even recreate human faces. Computer-animated models typically begin with hand-sculpted physical models that are then scanned and manipulated in a digital environment.

3. Manufacturing

3D scanning has allowed manufacturing and production firms to monitor the quality of tools and manufactured products with utmost precision. “Hand-tuned” products can be 3D scanned to generate a model that will act as the basis for mass production. Tool and equipment wear can also be monitored at a high level of detail, giving firms a chance to reduce the likelihood of equipment failure.

4. Construction and civil works

The construction industry may be one of the biggest beneficiaries of 3D scanning technology. From site modeling to monitoring of progress and quality control, 3D scanning can be used in a huge number of ways to model and assess any major construction work. 3D scanning can also be used to establish a “benchmark” for a newly constructed building, making it much easier to identify deformations in the structure as a result of extreme conditions.

5. Archeology and geology

The technology of 3D scanners has been used in combination with drones to create topographical models of unexplored lands. With the ability of some 3D scanning methods to penetrate foliage and other canopy cover, 3D scanners have even uncovered networks of cities and roads that are invisible to the naked eye. For geologists planning expeditions and surveys into the unknown, 3D scanning has proven to be an invaluable tool for planning and reconnaissance.

6. Real estate

Some enterprising real estate agents have come up with the bright idea of using 3D scanning technology to offer virtual tours of their property to prospective buyers. This is a level of immersive marketing that beats anything that photos and videos can offer, all without the hassle of driving over to the actual property.

7. Preservation of art and artifacts

3D scanning has allowed archeologists, historians, and museum curators the ability to preserve historical artifacts in a digital environment. The technology has even provided them the opportunity to intimately analyze these artifacts without risking permanent damage. Some museums have leveraged the use of 3D scanning to allow visitors to interact and view art pieces and artifacts like never before.

The future of 3D scanning

1. Mobile photogrammetry

One of the most exciting frontiers in 3D scanning is the possibility of being able to do 3D scans using your typical smartphone. Since it’s impractical and expensive to equip a smartphone with additional dedicated sensors, photogrammetry seems to be the most sensible way to go. Software-driven photogrammetry certainly sounds feasible but taking the right photographs from the right angles requires a certain level of skill which might be off-putting to the casual smartphone user. Most smartphones are also not equipped with enough processing power to handle pixel matching of what could potentially be dozens of individual photographs.

However, it’s only a matter of time before camera and mobile processing technologies catch up to the demands of on-the-go photogrammetry. In fact, iPhone users have been able to do mobile photogrammetry for a few years now through the Trnio app. By providing basic tracking guidance to the user and taking advantage of cloud-based data processing, this simple app has been able to generate basic 3D models, albeit after a lot of waiting due to multiple file transfers.

2. Integration with artificial intelligence

Even with all the sophistication of 3D scanning, it is still a method that relies heavily on human intervention. In particular, the use of 3D scanning for quality in the manufacturing industry still relies on human-decided “pass” or “fail” conditions. This is because letting a part or tool pass the quality standards of the process can be very subjective and can be too complex for a computer to process.

This can all change by integrating artificial intelligence (AI) into the 3D scanning process. A carefully-designed AI can make rapid decisions on quality control using a highly complex set of parameters. This can help streamline the manufacturing processes across several industries and provide a more accurate and less labor-intensive alternative to human-based decision making.

3. Portable, accurate, and affordable 3D scanners

Handheld and portable 3D scanners are actually already available today, but the cheapest models typically fall short in terms of performance. Most 3D scanners in the below $500 range are inaccurate, unreliable, and generally clunky for average users. If you want a high-quality desktop 3D scanner, you are going to have to fork over more than $2000.

If you are dreaming of owning a reliable 3D scanner at a price that won’t break the bank, then the bad news is that the technology isn’t quite there yet. However, the mainstream success of desktop-scale 3D printing means that there is a viable market for casual 3D modelers and DIY creators. With a huge following, it should be only a matter of time before 3D scanners enter the casual or hobbyist market.

Final thoughts

Although 3D scanning technology has been around for decades, it is only recently that huge industries have started to take notice. 3D scanning has a huge number of applications across different industries: prototyping, industrial design, manufacturing, entertainment, construction, and artifact preservation. The existing techniques for 3D scanning are just as varied, with each method having its set of strengths and limitations that make it apt for different circumstances.

There is no doubt that 3D scanning will continue to be a relevant technology and will receive focus in terms of innovation and advancement. 3D scanning technology might even soon be available on the phone in your hand. We believe that 3D scanning still has a lot of untapped potential, and the future is looking very bright for this particular technological marvel.

The post What is 3D Scanning? appeared first on 3D Insider.

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Arterivirus nsp4 antagonizes interferon-{beta} production by proteolytically cleaving NEMO at multiple sites [Virus-Cell Interactions]

Equine arteritis virus (EAV) and porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) represent two members of the family Arteriviridae and pose major threats for the horse- and swine-breeding industries worldwide. A previous study suggested that PRRSV nsp4, a 3C-like protease, antagonizes interferon (IFN)-β production by cleaving the NF-B essential modulator (NEMO) at a single site, glutamate 349 (E349). Herein, we demonstrated that EAV nsp4 also inhibited virus-induced IFN-β production by targeting NEMO for proteolytic cleavage, and that the scission occurred at four sites- E166, E171, glutamine 205 (Q205), and E349. Additionally, we found that, besides the previously reported cleavage site E349 in NEMO, the scission by PRRSV nsp4 took place at two additional sites, E166 and E171. These results imply that while cleaving NEMO is a common strategy utilized by EAV and PRRSV nsp4 to antagonize IFN induction, EAV nsp4 adopts a more complex substrate recognition mechanism to target NEMO. By analyzing the abilities of the eight different NEMO fragments resulting from EAV or PRRSV nsp4 scission to induce IFN-β production, we serendipitously found that a NEMO fragment (1–349) could activate IFN-β transcription more robustly than full-length NEMO whereas all other NEMO cleavage products were abrogated for the IFN-β-inducing capacity. Thus, NEMO cleavage at E349 alone may not be sufficient to completely inactivate IFN response via this signaling adaptor. Altogether, our findings suggest that EAV and PRRSV nsp4 cleave NEMO at multiple sites and that this strategy is critical for disarming the innate immune response for viral survival.

IMPORTANCE The arterivirus nsp4-encoded 3C-like protease (3CLpro) plays an important role in virus replication and immune evasion, making it an attractive target for antiviral therapeutics. Previous work suggested that PRRSV nsp4 suppresses type I IFN production by cleaving NEMO at a single site. In contrast, the present study demonstrated that both EAV and PRRSV nsp4 cleave NEMO at multiple sites, and that this strategy is essential for disruption of type I IFN production. Moreover, we revealed that EAV nsp4 also cleaves NEMO at glutamine 205 (Q205), which is not targeted by PRRSV nsp4. Notably, targeting a glutamine in NEMO for cleavage has only been observed with picornavirus 3C proteases (3Cpro) and coronavirus 3CLpro. In aggregate, our work expands knowledge of the innate immune evasion mechanisms associated with NEMO cleavage by arterivirus nsp4 and describes a novel substrate recognition characteristic of EAV nsp4.

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10 Best Invisible Earbuds of 2019

Are you looking for invisible earbuds, but can’t find something that meets your requirements? Then you’ll love the earbuds we present in this buyer’s guide. They offer modern functionality, and there is a range of styles. We have spread the earbuds across three price categories so that all budgets have something to buy.

A buying consideration section is included to provide advice for buyers that have never invested in invisible earbuds. The covered factors include comfort, brand, durability, extra features, and wireless connectivity. You’ll make a smart buying decision when each of these factors is taken into account before pulling the trigger on the buy now button.

We had a blast writing this buyer’s guide and are confident you’ll find the right pair of earbuds for your needs. Read until the end of this guide to get a balanced overview of what the invisible earbud marketplace has to offer.

Weight: 11.2 Ounces
Battery Life: 6 Hours
Choice of colors and up to date Bluetooth version.
Check Amazon
Best Value
Mpow True Wireless
Weight: 2.4 Ounces
Battery Life: 3 Hours
Bluetooth 5 and trusted brand name.
Check Amazon
Top Pick
Bose SoundSport Free
Weight: 0.65 Ounces
Battery Life: 5 Hours
Secure fit and charging case is included.
Check Amazon

Buying Considerations

Wireless connectivity

Invisible earbuds are wireless because otherwise they wouldn’t be in this class of earbuds. However, not all wireless implementations are the same. You need to look at the small differences to decide which wireless connection meets your requirements. Here are some of the top factors to consider:

  • Battery life: long battery life per charge ensures you don’t have to worry about battery management constantly. You can charge the earbuds once and not worry about running out of power for a few days.
  • NFC Pairing: audio devices nowadays have NFC pairing for lightning fast connections. You simply tap together two NFC compatible devices for the connection to forge. However, it only works with previously connected devices.
  • Bluetooth version: the majority of Bluetooth devices nowadays are version 4.0, but that isn’t always the case. It’s the minimum version you should buy since it represents up to date technology. You’ll achieve a range of at least 33 feet and consistent audio quality.


In this buyer’s guide, you’ll notice a mixture of the best audio brands out there such as Bose. Buying from a trusted brand ensures you’re able to receive a pair of earbuds that work as described. The top brands are interested in upholding their reputation, which means consistency with every pair of earbuds they ship is one of their priorities.

However, you shouldn’t disregard earbuds from brands you’ve never come across before. Unknown brands can manufacture highly competitive earbuds that are lower priced than premium brands. Do the research required to learn about new brands so you can be confident in the purchase. Read reviews, watch unboxing videos, and look at customer feedback. Time spent doing the research can clue you in on the type of earbuds you’re going to receive.


Earbuds must be comfortable to wear – especially if you want to enjoy audio for several hours per day. The small earbuds in this buyer’s guide are generally comfortable due to the ergonomic design. However, there are small details you should consider when picking out the earbuds that match your comfort expectations.

  • Eartips: multiple eartip sizes should be included in the package so that you’re able to find the one that best matches your ear sizes. The right eartips also improves noise isolation, which means you don’t have to deal with annoying background noise.
  • Weight: eartips with low weight are ideal as wearing them gives you the feeling like you’re not wearing anything at all. The low-key nature of “invisible” earbuds means they don’t weight much at all. We have included the weight of all earbuds in this buyer’s guide for comparison reasons.
  • Ear hooks: ear hooks increase the bulk of eartips, but provide a more secure fit. You’ll find ear hooks in earbuds designed for exercise enthusiasts such as the Jabra Elite Active 65t and Bose SoundSport Free.


You’ll want durable earbuds that will stand the test of time so that you don’t have to take advantage of the warranty deal shortly after purchase. It can be difficult to gauge the durability without touching the earbuds yourself. However, there are durability specific factors you can pay attention to and here are a few of them:

  • Images: take a closer look at the images that are available in the product description. It’s the next best thing to going to a store and checking out the earbuds for yourself. You can zoom in on the images to get a closer look.
  • Warranty deal: inspect the warranty deal to figure out the coverage that’s available for the earbuds. Brands provide strong warranty deals for earbuds they have manufactured well. Ideally, the coverage should last for two years and cover many damage types.
  • Carrying case: a carrying case that can house the earbuds while not in use is ideal. Earbuds are small and flimsy, which could lead to damage. A sturdy carrying case means they are well-protected and you won’t lose them. Some carrying cases in this buyer’s guide even come with a charging feature that extends the battery life.

Extra features

Invisible earbuds come with some extra features that add additional value to the purchase. The extra features may not be useful for everyone, but you’ll never know when they can come in handy. Here are some of the top extra features that you should look out for:

  • App: earbuds that come with a dedicated app allow you to customize the audio experience. You can check the battery life, alter the sound profile, and manage Bluetooth connections. Top brands typically take the extra step of creating apps for their earbuds.
  • Carrying case: a sturdy carrying case is useful for storing earbuds that otherwise could break. The majority of earbuds in this buyer’s guide come with a carrying case, and some charge the earbuds while they are in there.
  • Sweat-proof: are you planning to exercise with the invisible earbuds? Then you’ll need to find an option that comes with an IPX4 rating. Earbuds with an IPX4 rating protects the audio drivers with a coating that stops moisture getting through.

Items by price:

Invisible Earbuds Comparison Table

Make and ModelWeightBattery LifePrice
NENRENT S57011.2 Ounces6 HoursCheck Price
GoNovate G100.13 Ounces5-6 HoursCheck Price
FocusPower F10 Mini0.16 Ounces6 HoursCheck Price
Mpow EM10.1 Ounces6 HoursCheck Price
Mini Invisible Bluetooth Earbud0.64 Ounces4 HoursCheck Price
Mpow True Wireless2.4 Ounces3 HoursCheck Price
Bluephonic True Wireless Earbuds5.6 Ounces4 HoursCheck Price
COOMAX Mini Hidden Spy Earphone0.28 Ounces8 HoursCheck Price
Bose SoundSport Free0.65 Ounces5 HoursCheck Price
Jabra Elite Active 65t11.2 Ounces5 HoursCheck Price

Top Invisible Earbuds Under $30

Are you looking for invisible earbuds at a low price? Then you’ll love the affordable options we present in this price category. The combination of the ergonomic fit, Bluetooth compatibility, and extra features means you’re getting a lot of value for your money.

A few of the earbuds in this guide are similar on the surface. Therefore, you’ll need to delve deeper into the features to figure out the differences between them. All options in this buyer’s guide offer good value for money, which means you’re getting a good deal whatever you choose.

1. Best Budget: NENRENT S570

NENRENT S570View on Amazon

Editor’s Rating: 4.8/5

Are you looking for a budget option that has serviceable features and a low-key look? Then you’ll love what the NENRENT S570 brings to the table. It’s a one piece design and has a cream color, which means people will have a hard time noticing that you’re wearing anything at all. Take a closer look at the features implemented to figure out if these are the right choice for your needs.

Bluetooth version 4.1 is added here so you can enjoy a range of 33 feet and consistent audio quality during the entire listening session. The built-in 60MAh battery provides 6 hours call time and 4-6 hour music time when the volume is at 40-60%. It takes 1-2 hours to achieve full charge and there is no quick charge feature.

The intuitive one-button control allows you to answer/hang up, turn the device on/off, and redial. It’s a fast way to enjoy your personal audio experience while on the move. Included in the package is a USB charging cable and two eartips. Furthermore, there is a sturdy carrying case that allows you to keep the earbud and accessories safe while traveling.

The combination of the in-ear design and two eartips means you’ll have a comfortable experience. However, more eartip sizes would allow you to achieve a better fit for your specific ear size. A poor fit leads to poor noise isolation, and you may need to readjust the fit more often than you’d like.

Before placing the NENRENT S570 to the virtual shopping basket consider a few of the drawbacks. Firstly, the materials do not feel premium when holding the earbud in-hand. Also, the battery life could be longer so you can use the earbud for the entire day without needing to recharge.

To conclude, the NENRENT S570 is a good choice for buyers that need an invisible budget earbud. The combination of the up to date Bluetooth, secure fit, and cream color means it’s a good option. However, if you’re looking for advanced mic functionality and excellent audio quality, then check out the more expensive earbuds in this buyer’s guide.



Tech Specs
Weight: 11.2 Ounces
Battery life: 6 hours
Bluetooth version: 4.1
The Pros
Choice of colors
Up to date Bluetooth version
Good value for money
The Cons
Battery life could be increased

2. GoNovate G10

GoNovate G10View on Amazon

Editor’s Rating: 4.7/5

The GoNovate G10 is a good choice for buyers on a budget and in need of an earpiece that will blend in with your skin color. The affordable price and good features mean you’ll love using these for a variety of uses. Take the time to carefully evaluate the features offered here to determine if there is enough quality for your needs.

The package includes a carrying case, user guide, USB charger, three ear cushions, and one earbud. The inclusion of 3 eartips means you can get the right size for your ear ensuring good comfort. Furthermore, the earbud doesn’t weight much, so you will quickly forget that it’s even there.

The GoNovate G10 makes use of Bluetooth version 4.1 and provides 5-6 hours of running time. You can also enjoy a range of 33 feet and consistent audio quality throughout the listening period. The wireless connectivity standard is comparable to some of the best headphones out there in the marketplace.

The earpiece keeps it simple by allowing you to use one button to turn the power on/off, pair with Bluetooth devices, answer/end calls, and pause/play audio. The excellent one-button functionality means you don’t have to reach for the audio emitting device every time you want to change something.

There are a few drawbacks to the GoNovate G10 that must be understood before proceeding with the purchase. There is only one earpiece, which means it’s not suitable for music. Furthermore, the lack of premium materials means that durability may not be long-lasting.

To summarize, the GoNovate G10 is a good choice if you need a serviceable earpiece that blends in with the color of your skin. The attractive price means you don’t have to make a big investment. The up to date Bluetooth connection and choice of eartips means there is good value here.



Tech Specs
Weight: 0.13 Ounces
Battery life: 5-6 hours
Bluetooth version: 4.1
The Pros
Convenient one-button control
Up to date Bluetooth
Color means they blend in with your skin
The Cons
Only one earpiece

3. FocusPower F10 Mini

FocusPower F10 MiniView on Amazon

Editor’s Rating: 4.6/5

The FocusPower F10 Mini comes in black and is great for car drivers that need an audio solution while on the road. The blend of the low price and modern features means you’re getting a bargain. Delve deeper into the features to figure out if there is enough value for your specific requirements.

The small size of the earpiece means people will have a hard time noticing that you’re wearing anything at all. The 3 eartip sizes included allow you to select the size that provides the best fit for your ear size. Achieving the best fit ensures you’re able to enjoy good noise isolation. However, since it’s a single earpiece design overall noise isolation isn’t strong.

The charging time to 100% is only 30 minutes, and you’ll achieve 5-6 hours of running time from the 55mAH Lithium Ion battery. The fast charging time means you will not have to go long without battery life when you unexpectedly run out. Furthermore, the Bluetooth version is 4.1, which means you can enjoy a range of 33 feet and consistent audio quality throughout the listening period. You can connect the FocusPower F10 Mini with two smartphones at a time. It’s handy when you have more than one smartphone and don’t want to miss an important call.

The sturdy carrying case allows you to keep your earpiece and accessories safely stored while traveling. The durability is also relatively good for the budget earpiece. Therefore, you will not have to take advantage of the warranty deal shortly after purchase.

Consider a few of the drawbacks before proceeding with the purchase. Firstly, the one earpiece design means it’s not ideal for enjoying music. Also, the small size of the earpiece means it can easily get lost if you don’t store it in the carrying case.

To conclude, the FocusPower F10 Mini is one of the best budget invisible earbuds the marketplace has to offer. The combination of the small size, quick charging time, included accessories, and affordable price means you’re getting excellent value.



Tech Specs
Weight: 0.16 Ounces
Battery life: 6 hours
Bluetooth version: 4.1
The Pros
Good value for money
Solid Bluetooth connectivity with up to 2 devices at a time
Takes only 30 minutes to achieve full charge
The Cons
Only one earpiece

4. Mpow EM1

Mpow EM1View on Amazon

Editor’s Rating: 4.5/5

The Mpow EM1 comes in 3 color options, which includes black, nude, and rose gold. Therefore, you can choose the one that best matches your wearing preferences. Mpow is a competitive audio brand that consistently releases some of the most highly rated audio brands. Therefore, you can buy the EM1 with the peace of mind that it’s going to perform as described.

The earpiece only weighs 0.1 ounces, which means you’ll forget that it’s even there after a few minutes. Furthermore, the durability is relatively strong for the low price, so you don’t have to worry about dropping them a few times.

The Bluetooth 4.1 means you’ll enjoy stable connection range at up to 33 feet. Furthermore, the battery life is 6 hours when the playing volume is around 50%. The wireless connectivity comes in handy when you are driving or walking down the road. However, the earpiece is not ideal for sports because there is no waterproof rating. The audio drivers can get damaged from sweat since there is no protective coating.

The package includes a portable case, user manual, eartips in different sizes, the earbuds, and 2 USB charging sticks. Therefore, the value for money here is off the charts when you consider the low price and package extras.

Before proceeding with the purchase consider a few of the potential deal breakers. The one earpiece design means music will not sound great. Also, there is no waterproof rating, which means you need to be careful with it around moisture.

To summarize, the Mpow EM1 is a competitive budget offering that delivers good features. The mixture of the 6 hours running time, durable design, and proven brand name means you’re getting good value. However, you’ll need to overcome the one earpiece design that is not ideal for music.



Tech Specs
Weight: 0.1 Ounces
Battery life: 6 hours
Bluetooth version: 4.1
The Pros
Trusted brand name
Up to date Bluetooth
2 USB charging sticks and carrying case included
The Cons
Only one earpiece

5. Mini Invisible Bluetooth Earbud

Mini Invisible Bluetooth EarbudView on Amazon

Editor’s Rating: 4.2/5

The Mini Invisible Bluetooth Earbud is one of the cheapest in this buyer’s guide but has the functionality of modern devices. The combination of the up to date Bluetooth, ergonomic fit, and 30 days no questions asked return policy means you are getting a great deal. Take a closer peek at the features to figure out if there is enough on offer for your needs.

The Bluetooth 4.1 and EDR technology ensures fast and efficient connections, which results in a consistent audio signal. You’ll achieve a running time of 4 hours per charge and the standby time is 180 hours. Therefore, you can leave the earpiece for a few days without worrying about the battery life running out. Also, it takes 1.5 hours of the battery to charge, and iOS devcies display the battery life.

The one-button control allows you to pause/play music and answer/end calls at your convenience. It’s handy when you’re driving and don’t want to be distracted from the road. The frequency response is 20-22KHz, which is good when you consider the low asking price.

The Mini Invisible Bluetooth Earbud comes with a few disadvantages that need to be considered before clicking the buy now button. Firstly, no dedicated app can be used to play around with the settings. Also, no extra eartips or carrying case is included,.

To summarize, the Mini Invisible Bluetooth Earbuds is a good choice for users that are looking for a low price and up to date Bluetooth connectivity. The secure fit means you don’t have to worry about the earbud falling out once it’s locked in place.



Tech Specs
Weight: 0.64 Ounces
Battery life: 4 hours
Bluetooth version: 4.1
The Pros
Up to date Bluetooth
Very small
30 day no questions asked return policy
The Cons
Battery life is only 4 hours

Top Invisible Earbuds Under $50

The invisible earbuds in this category offer intuitive features that are suitable for buyers that value a discreet look. You’ll love the combination of the affordable price and dependable wireless connectivity. Furthermore, you’ll find a very small earbud in this category that is the best option for buyers that are after discretion.

6. Best Value: Mpow True Wireless

Mpow True WirelessView on Amazon

Editor’s Rating: 4.8/5

The Mpow True Wireless offers some of the best value for money in this buyer’s guide. It is the perfect blend of advanced features and competitive pricing. You’ll struggle to find earbuds that offer more for the same price. However, you should give the features a closer look to figure out if the specific requirements offered meet your requirements.

The battery life per charge is only 3 hours, but you can use the included carrying case to achieve a further 15 hours. Therefore, you can enjoy all-day battery life if you can take regular breaks to recharge the earbuds. The protective carrying case also functions as a suitable storage unit that protects the earbuds while traveling.

Bluetooth 5.0 is implemented here, which is the latest version that’s out there in the marketplace. It ensures extra-long range and consistent audio quality with no hiccups. One-tap paring technology ensures fast connections with smartphones.

The combination of the HD stereo and well-implemented microphone means you can enjoy clear conversation. The noise isolation is decent if you select the right eartip size. Therefore, you can be in noisy environments and not deal with distracting background noise. However, high decibels sounds such as police sirens will not be blocked out.

Buy with peace of mind because there is a 45-day money back guarantee and an 18-month worry-free guarantee. The strong warranty deal means the brand has a lot of faith in their earbuds.

Take a few moments to consider a few of the drawbacks before adding the Mpow True Wireless earbuds to the shopping cart. Firstly, the 3 hour battery time without the carrying case is very short. Also, sweatproof protection would allow sports enthusiasts to not worry about damage to the audio drivers.

Overall, the Mpow True Wireless is a no-brainer for buyers that are after good performance and competitive pricing. The combination of the convenient carrying case, durable design, ergonomic fit, and trusted brand name means you’re getting excellent value. However, you’ll need to deal with the short 3 hours running time per charge.



Tech Specs
Weight: 2.4 Ounces
Battery life: 3 hours
Bluetooth version: 5
The Pros
Bluetooth 5
Convenient carrying case
Trusted brand name
Solid durability
The Cons
Battery life is only 3 hours without the charging case

7. Bluephonic True Wireless Earbuds

Bluephonic True Wireless EarbudsView on Amazon

Editor’s Rating: 4.7/5

Bluephonic is not a well-known brand, but these earbuds are a competitive entry to the marketplace. You’ll love the combination of the protective carrying case, ergonomic design, and good microphone. The earbuds are a good choice for buyers that are after a minimalist design without sacrificing on modern features.

You’ll achieve 3.5-4 hours of listening time per charge, but you can recharge the battery 5 times using the convenient carrying case. Therefore, these low-key earbuds are suitable for traveling long distances without running out of power. Also, the Bluetooth version is 5.0, which is the latest iteration of the breakthrough wireless technology.

3D stereo delivers HD audio quality that allows for immersive music. Therefore, music and calls will be enjoyable since the vocals are clear. However, the audio drivers are relatively small, so the volume doesn’t go as high as you might want.

The ergonomic design of the fit means you can use these earbuds while working out. They are also resistant to sweat and rain, which means you shouldn’t worry about small drops of water. The sturdy materials also contribute towards durability that will stand the test of time.

Take a few moments to consider a few of the drawbacks before proceeding with the sale. The short battery life per charge means you’ll need to have the carrying case handy to achieve longer battery life. Also, the brand has not proven itself in the marketplace, which means you’re taking a risk.

To conclude, the Bluephonic True Wireless Earbuds is a good choice for the buyer that wants versatility on a budget. You’ll love these if you need Bluetooth 5.0, a convenient carrying case, and sweatproof protection. However, you’ll need to constantly recharge the earbuds if you want to use them during the day.



Tech Specs
Weight: 5.6 Ounces
Battery life: 4 hours
Bluetooth version: 5
The Pros
Bluetooth 5
Convenient carrying case
Soli durability
The Cons
Battery life is only 4 hours without the charging case

8. COOMAX Mini Hidden Spy Earphone

COOMAX Mini Hidden Spy EarphoneView on Amazon

Editor’s Rating: 4.2/5

Are you looking for the smallest invisible earbuds in the marketplace? Then you’ll love the small size of the COOMAX Mini Hidden Spy Earphone. It’s designed as a hidden earpiece that’s ideal for multiples purposes. Take a closer look at the features to figure out if there is enough on offer here for your needs.

The earpiece supports radio, phone calls, and MP3 players. There is also a microphone that’s combined with a one button touch control. However, don’t expect the mic quality to compete with other earbuds in this buyer’s guide – after all, it’s a small piece of equipment.

The anatomical shape means the earbud fits nicely into the ear canal. It’s the best option for people that want something discreet that’s invisible to the naked eye. It weighs just 0.28 ounces, which means you’ll quickly forget that it’s even there.

The 8-hour battery life means you can use the earpiece for the duration of the entire work day. It’s a serviceable piece of equipment if you need to communicate with others at work, but do not want the hassle of a large headset.

The disadvantage of the COOMAX Mini Hidden Spy Earphone is that the small size means it can easily get lost. Also, there are no eartips to customize the fit, which means you’re stuck with a one size fits all design.

To conclude, the COOMAX Mini Hidden Spy Earphone is the right choice for buyers that value discretion over audio quality. The tiny size of the earpiece means its light and others will have a difficult time noticing it.



Tech Specs
Weight: 0.28 Ounces
Battery life: 8 hours
Bluetooth version: N/A
The Pros
Very small
Low weight
Hard to notice by others
The Cons
The small size means it can get lost

Top Invisible Earbuds Under $200

The low key earbuds in this price bracket are suitable for sports enthusiasts. The combination of up to date Bluetooth, ergonomic design, intuitive app, and proven brand name makes these earbuds very compelling. However, you’ll need to deal with the high price tag that should give you some pause. Consider if you need the quality and sports friendly features. If you aren’t into sports, then looking at the cheaper price categories is a good choice.

9. Top Pick: Bose SoundSport Free

Bose SoundSport FreeView on Amazon

Editor’s Rating: 4.9/5

Bose is an industry-leading audio brand that offers some of the best earbuds iout there. The Bose SoundSport Free is designed for exercise enthusiasts as the name suggests. Delve deeper into the features offered to figure out if these low-key earbuds are the suitable choice for your needs.

The three eartip sizes allow you to get the right fit for your ears. Furthermore, the small ear hooks reduce the chances of the earbuds falling out. You can move your head from side to side while exercising without worrying about the earbuds getting loose.

The Bose Connect app does an excellent job of providing features that improve functionality and exercise performance. For example, there is a feature that allows you to locate the earbuds if you have lost them. Using the app, you can also manage connections, receive software updates, switch between devices, and keep track of your exercise progress.

The useful carrying case provides two additional charges of 10 hour battery life. The Bose earbuds will be safe within the case due to the durable use of materials. Dropping the case will not damage the earbuds. Furthermore, the IPX4 rating means you can use these during light rain or while working out at the gym. The sweat-resistance means there is a coating that protects the audio drivers from moisture damage.

The Bose SoundSport Free earbuds are pricey, which means you’ll need to give them a higher level of scrutiny than most other earbuds in this buyer’s guide. Firstly, the noise isolation is relatively poor, which means you’ll need to deal with ambient noise. Also, the earbuds stick out, so they are not as “invisible” as most of the other options we have found during research.

To conclude, the Bose SoundSport Free is a good choice for buyers that want a combination of advanced audio quality, wireless connectivity, a convenient charging case, and useful app. Bose can be trusted to deliver earbuds that work as described. However, you’ll need to weigh up the high price versus the list of features that are offered.



Tech Specs
Weight: 0.64 Ounces
Battery life: 5 hours
Bluetooth version: 4.1
The Pros
Secure fit
Charging case is included
IPX4 rating means they are sweat-free and suitable for light rain
The Cons
Poor noise isolation

10. Jabra Elite Active 65t

Jabra Elite Active 65tView on Amazon

Editor’s Rating: 4.7/5

The Jabra Elite Active 65t is for sports enthusiasts that need audio while working out. There are plenty of well-executed features implemented here, but you’ll have to pay a premium price. Visually the earbuds are small, so you don’t have to worry about the way you’ll look while wearing them. Take a few moments to consider the features offered here and if they are worth the asking price.

The secure fit design is with sports enthusiasts in mind. You can move your head in all directions with intensity without worrying about them falling out. The in-ear stability means you never have to worry about the earbuds falling out when you are engaged in an intense string of reps. Furthermore, exercise sessions are possible because of the IP56 rating that protects the drivers from sweat.

The thoughtful app allows you to customize your music experience. You can keep track of the battery life, modify noise cancelation, choose the voice assistant, and customize the profile. It’s one of the better apps out there that adds a lot of value to the purchase.

The battery life is only 5 hours, but you get a further 15 hours via the charging case. The case can be used to store the earbuds whenever they aren’t in use. Therefore, you don’t have to worry about them breaking while you travel.

You can control the audience experience via voice command. Make use of voice assistants like Alexa, Siri, and Google Assistant. Voice assistants are becoming increasingly more sophisticated and in the future might be the primary method of interacting with our electrical equipment.

Don’t add these earbuds to the shopping cart before considering a few of the drawbacks. Firstly, the charging case can be annoying to open, which may lead to frustration if you’re constantly using it. The snug fit ensures they won’t fall out, but it might be too small for some users.

To conclude, the Jabra Elite Active 65t is a good choice for sports enthusiasts that want a low-key audio solution. You’ll love the combination of the premium use of materials, intuitive app, useful charging case, and secure fit. They are one of the pricier options in this buyer’s guide, but in return, you’re getting a piece of kit that has paid attention to the small details.



Tech Specs
Weight: 11.2 Ounces
Battery life: 5 hours
Bluetooth version: 4
The Pros
Useful charging case
Secure fit
Intuitive app
The Cons
Battery life could be increased
Charging case can be frustrating to open

The post 10 Best Invisible Earbuds of 2019 appeared first on 3D Insider.

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